I have written posts on how to help your child with reading here.
I have also written a post about schemas and offering stimulating play ideas for toddlers and preschoolers here
I thought I would share with you the most important maths skills that I think your child should learn before the age of 7. Obviously, each child is different so this is for a typical child. Aged 7 is a crucial time for mathematical understanding in my opinion, especially the understanding of numbers. Your child will have enjoyed at least 2 full years in school and will be moving to Key Stage 2. By 7, those early skills will hopefully have been embedded and your child will be ready to move on. Unfortunately, this can be the age when gaps may appear in your child’s understanding and this can affect their confidence with maths. Helping your child with these early stages may prove beneficial as they mature.
I hope you find this post helpful.
The 10 maths skills
- Name one more/less than a given number to 100.
- Name 10 more/less than a given number to 100.
- Understand the number system to 100 (find any number on a 100 square)
- Count forwards and backwards in 2’s, 10’s, 5’s
- Sequence numbers out-of-order to 100.
- Know what each numeral represents in a given number e.g 45 the 4 is actually 40.
- Know all pairs of numbers that make 10 and 20. e.g 2+8=10 so 12+8=20
- Find a double or half of any number. e.g. double 6 is 12. Half of 12 is 6.
- Understand the principle of multiplication and division. Be able to recite 2,5,10 times tables (and others if they are keen)
- Know what a fraction is and find 1/2 or 1/4 of a shape or number.
How can I help my child?
- Play games in the car. We are all time poor aren’t we? So when we are driving from A to B, engage with your child and ask them questions (if it’s not too distracting!). Learn tables, pairs of numbers that make 10, ask them to name numbers in between, less than, more than etc. I know so many parents who are waiting to collect an older/younger sibling so use this time to engage with your child.
- Give them something to count. Food is always great! Use raisins or sweets. Count the group of raisins in 10’s. Group them to practice division.
- Laminate a 100 square or number lines to help your child see what it is you are asking them.
- We prioritise reading but perhaps leaving 5 minutes for maths each day and 5 minutes for reading may be a better use of our routines with children.
- There are so many great Apps and online maths games for children. These can be great in the summer holidays as children do need to practise their maths skills during this long break. I really like Doodle maths, kidsacademy (for younger children) and let’s do mental maths. There are so many with new ones coming out all the time. We use Doodle maths at school and I know other schools use Mathletics. I like anything that children will use regularly.
- Make it playful. You can incorporate maths into so many games. Let your child lead to make it fun!